A change for most companies: incorrectly defined line of business

In keeping with many years of established practice, most companies have Manufacture, trade and services not specified in Annexes 1 to 3 of the Trade Licensing Act listed as their line of business in their bylaws or articles of association, without being more specific. If this is you, please read on!

In a May ruling, the Supreme Court of the Czech Republic reached the ground-breaking conclusion that bylaws or articles of association stating Manufacture, trade and services not specified in Annexes 1 to 3 of the Trade Licensing Act as the company’s line of business do not meet the requirements of definiteness, since they do not specify what the company’s business is, which renders these provisions null and omittable.

The subsequent submission in the Commercial Register is then contrary to the law and the Commercial Court should notify the company to remedy the situation. If the company fails to do so within the time allotted, the court may order its dissolution. In addition, a fine of up to CZK 100,000 can be imposed on the company (even repeatedly).

We recommend that companies amend their bylaws or articles of association and register the change in the Commercial Register. The proper procedure outlined by the Supreme Court should be to (i) select the specific lines of business, (ii) list them in the bylaws or articles of association, and (iii) register them in the Commercial Register. In reality, some Commercial Courts have refused this procedure up until now.

Based on the significant amendment to the Business Corporations Act effective from 1 January 2021 (which we wrote about here https://deltalegal.cz/en/summary-of-the-amendment-to-the-corporate-law-and-specific-recommendations/), companies must bring their articles of association or bylaws in line with the amendment by 31 December 2021. We therefore recommend combining both steps to reduce costs associated with convening a general meeting, drafting a notarial deed and registration fees. We will gladly help you with this.


Our firm’s specialist in these matters is Jiří Absolon, who is ready to provide you with everything you need to resolve this situation. Please do not hesitate to contact him or your contact person in our firm.



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This article merely expresses the general opinion of our law firm and is intended only to draw attention to certain aspects of the issues it deals with. It does not constitute advice or a recommendation on any specific matter and the information contained herein cannot be relied upon as legal advice within the meaning of the Act on the Legal Profession, nor as information or advice within the meaning of Section 2950 of the Civil Code. To assess your specific situation, we recommend that you obtain targeted legal advice, whether provided by our law firm or another authorized person. For more information on the services we provide, please contact us. Our attorneys will be pleased to assist you.